Movement disorders include a group of diseases in which the shape and speed of body movements is altered. The motor disorder may be the only clinical manifestation of the disease or be part of a group of complex neurological symptoms.
Usually we divide them into two groups:
Hypokinetic movement disorders: characterized by poverty or slowness of movement we call technically hypo- or akinesia.
Hyperkinetic movement disorders: characterized by excessive involuntary movement or abnormal movements.
Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative disease that is included within the hypokinetic. Attends mainly to slowing, stiffness of limbs and trembling when members are at rest. Currently we have mutiple drugs for treatment and can be achieved for many years that patients make a normal life. Sometimes parkinsonism is drug induced, and should be assessed, this is common with flatoril, neuroleptics and some treatment of vertigo.
The following guide has useful advice for patients with Parkinson’s disease. For more information we can lower these tips on Parkinson’s disease.
Other disorders with parkinsonism include progressive supranuclear palsy, multisystem atrophy, dementia with Lewy bodies or corticobasal degeneration.
Within we include many varieties of hyperkinetic movement disorders such as:
Tremor: a rhythmic oscillatory movement of a body part due to rhythmic contractions of agonist and antagonist muscles. It may be due to stress or diseases such as Parkinson’s disease, essential tremor or cerebellum.
Dystonia: It is an involuntary muscle contraction that makes us adopt abnormal postures or close your eyes, with bolulínica toxin patients improve much.
Chorea: is like an unpredictable, abrupt and short irregular dance conmovimientos changing a body area to another at random. It may be for Parkinson’s disease and its treatment or serious illness.
Tribalism is an involuntary movement as throwing objects or kicking. His abrupt onset or side is a reason to go to the emergency room as soon as possible.
Tics are frequent and usually consist of brief repetitive movement that can help but generate anxiety.
Myoclonus: are sudden, quick, very short and variable amplitude movements caused by muscle contractions. They may be normal, due to severe neurological disease or liver problems, kidney or lung.
The legs are a desagadable inquiertas sagging feeling when you move your legs or walk. It is common and treatable.