Neuromuscular diseases are a large group of diseases that affect the nerve, neuromuscular junction or muscle. They are varied, although most of them usually cause loss of strength and some with sensory disorders.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, known as ALS is a disease that affects the motor system and progressively patients lose strength and muscle mass. Typically they have twitches (as jumps in muscles). No sensory involvement or the esfunteres or eye movement.
Myasthenia gravis is the most common disease that affects the neuromuscular junction. It is clinically characterized by fatigability with a significant prevalence of ocular symptoms. The patient is often wearied with repeated movements, double vision have ptosis (droopy eyelid), slurred speech, swallow, …
Polyneuropathies are a group of diseases characterized by nerve involvement, usually symmetrically with tingling (and subsequently sock and glove) and loss of strength. In this group of diseases it is essential to make an early diagnosis of the cause and treat them appropriately.
A special form of polyneuropathy, for its rapid onset, is Guillain-Barre syndrome. It is a serious condition that usually usually associated with loss of strength and tingling sensation of instability and rising from the feet to the knees. This picture progresses in hours or days puediedo affect the respiratory muscles. Early diagnosis and treatment with immunoglobulins and if the patient progresses in the ICU is essential to stop the disease from progressing.